Child Labour in Supply Chains: How Are Your Source Countries Doing?
An annual report that companies use as an input into risk assessments and to conduct due diligence on their supply chains shows that most of the 131 countries and territories reviewed are continuing to make progress toward eliminating the worst forms of child labor. Doing so is one of the criteria for eligibility for trade benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences, the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act, and the African Growth and Opportunity Act. Companies are also paying more attention to this issue in the face of increasing efforts by federal agencies to enforce prohibitions against imports made with child labor and forced labor.
The annual report from the Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs tracks from year to year whether a country has made significant, moderate, minimal, or no advancement in eliminating the worst forms of child labor. It also includes nearly 2,200 country-specific recommended actions on how best to combat labor abuses.
For 2021, nine countries received an assessment of significant advancement, 73 achieved moderate advancement, 37 made minimal advancement, and 9 saw no advancement. (In the chart below countries with a + moved up this year, those with a – moved down, and the remainder saw no change.)
|Significant advancement||Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire(+), Ecuador, Guatemala(+), Honduras(+), Jordan(+), and Uzbekistan(+)|
|Moderate advancement||Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Belize(+), Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cook Islands, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Gambia(+), Ghana, Guinea(+), Guinea-Bissau(+), India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kiribati, Kosovo, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico(-), Mongolia(+), Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger(+), Nigeria, Norfolk Island, North Macedonia, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Peru(-), Philippines, Rwanda, St. Lucia(+), St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa(+), Sao Tome and Principe(+), Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone(+), South Africa(+), Sri Lanka, Suriname(+), Tanzania(+), Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda(+), Western Sahara, Zambia|
|Minimal advancement||Algeria(-), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia(-),Botswana, Cambodia, Central African Republic(-), Djibouti(-), Dominica(+), Eswatini, Falkland Islands, Gabon, Guyana(-), Haiti(-), Iraq, Kazakhstan(-), Kenya(-), Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mali, Mauritania, Moldova, Montserrat(+), Nicaragua, Pakistan(-), Papua New Guinea, Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha(+), Solomon Islands, Somalia, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu(-), Ukraine, Vanuatu, West Bank and the Gaza Strip, Yemen, Zimbabwe(-)|
|No advancement||Afghanistan(-), Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Burma, Eritrea, Grenada, Niue, South Sudan, Tokelau|
Source: Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg
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